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The letter I! love these words.

Commander is a restrictive format. Take another look at all the rules for deck construction and play: It's a lengthy list that's a daunting task to remember when you first learn about the format. But for those of us who have built hundreds or thousands of deck, and spent countless hours trawling Gatherer for cards we may have missed along the way, Commander can still feel vast.

The restrictions of Commander aren't always restrictive enough to slake the thirst of voracious deck builders.

Adding additional boundaries to stay within forces us to make different, difficult decisions for cards. These are some of the ways—and decks—that you shared that resulted from the extra effort.

The Short and the Long of It

One of the "easiest" ways to layer in a restriction is to place certain card types out of bounds, such as what Michael did:

The deck I have that uses a restriction is a number I call "Late Night Creature Feature." The restriction? If it's not a land, a creature, or a Planeswalker, you won't find it here—it can be something else too, but if it doesn't have one of those as a card type, it's banned from the deck.

Seeing Ruric Thar and convincing myself to build a deck around him, I decided to go all in and embrace the noncreature hate. (Planeswalkers get an exception because they're small in number anyway and, hey, Planeswalkers are cool, ok?) It does lead to some interesting challenges with a lack of certain options like the "traditional" Commander staples. One of the most enjoyable parts about the restriction is finding "loophole" cards that fit the requirement but still step outside the restriction or have effects that can fill in for the cards that aren't allowed. Things like Homura, Human Ascendant, who plays as a creature but turns into an enchantment, the various bestow creatures who can double as Auras as needed (which is one of the reasons I LOVE bestow), and creatures like Acidic Slime that can fill the role destroying my opponents' stuff.

Overall, I think it makes for a fun kicks-and-giggles deck that can be intimidating with an outpouring of creatures while managing to avoid being too reliably overwhelming to make it unfun to play against, since it comes with natural drawbacks. Win or lose, this is a deck I can be sure to have fun with nearly every time I play it.



Card types aren't the only limiter available. When I found myself enjoying playing green in my Commander decks too much I switched gears and made many decks without any green at all. Cutting out a color helped me try cards and strategies I would never have found with green in my decks.

Taking it to the extreme, you can cut out every color and create what Andrew cooked up:

As we all know, Commander decks all have a built-in requirement: color identity. I originally got into the format because I wanted to push this requirement into the most difficult area: colorless. Kozilek, Butcher of Truth was the first deck I ever built, a personal deck-building challenge to start a new format off with a bang.

Colorless Commander

Main Deck

99 cards

Archaeological Dig
Darksteel Citadel
Dread Statuary
Eldrazi Temple
Esper Panorama
Eye of Ugin
Gemstone Caverns
Ghost Quarter
Gods' Eye, Gate to the Reikai
Griffin Canyon
Haunted Fengraf
Henge of Ramos
Inkmoth Nexus
Jund Panorama
Miren, the Moaning Well
Mirrodin's Core
Mishra's Factory
Naya Panorama
Phyrexia's Core
Rath's Edge
Rupture Spire
Shimmering Grotto
Springjack Pasture
Stalking Stones
Tectonic Edge
Temple of the False God
Terminal Moraine
Terrain Generator
Thespian's Stage
Unstable Frontier
Urza's Factory
Urza's Tower
Zoetic Cavern

37 lands

Arcbound Reclaimer
Artisan of Kozilek
Colossus of Akros
Darksteel Colossus
Darksteel Juggernaut
Darksteel Sentinel
Etched Champion
Golem Artisan
Hand of Emrakul
It That Betrays
Lodestone Myr
Mirror Golem
Myr Retriever
Pathrazer of Ulamog
Platinum Angel
Platinum Emperion
Spawnsire of Ulamog
Steel Hellkite
Ulamog, the Infinite Gyre
Ulamog's Crusher
Wurmcoil Engine

21 creatures

All Is Dust
Astral Cornucopia
Basalt Monolith
Blinkmoth Urn
Brittle Effigy
Clock of Omens
Contagion Engine
Darksteel Forge
Doubling Cube
Dreamstone Hedron
Eldrazi Conscription
Energy Chamber
Everflowing Chalice
Expedition Map
Gilded Lotus
Lightning Greaves
Lux Cannon
Mimic Vat
Mind's Eye
Minion Reflector
Nevinyrral's Disk
Oblivion Stone
Pit Trap
Predator, Flagship
Ratchet Bomb
Ring of Three Wishes
Riptide Replicator
Seer's Sundial
Sensei's Divining Top
Serum Tank
Sol Ring
Spine of Ish Sah
Tower of Calamities
Unwinding Clock
Ur-Golem's Eye
Voltaic Key
Whispersilk Cloak
Worn Powerstone

40 other spells

Karn Liberated

1 planeswalker

Kozilek, Butcher of Truth

While big, beefy creatures are no problem for a colorless Commander deck, there are three areas it needs to focus on: mana acceleration, card drawing, and removal.

Without any spells to ramp my mana I have to rely on mana rocks. Thankfully, there are a slew of powerful options, with Blinkmoth Urn being the nuclear reactor of a deck full of artifacts. I'm very excited about Astral Cornucopia because this deck can produce a lot of mana for it. Colorless also means no basic lands, and so many weird lands are run in this deck simply because they are colorless lands (like you, Griffin Canyon).

Card draw is fixed by the fantastic Mind's Eye, but I think Serum Tank is a very underrated card in artifact-heavy decks. With the ability to untap artifacts I can sometimes draw many cards a turn with it.

Finally, colorless has to rely on a lot of board wipes for its removal. All Is Dust and Oblivion Stone are the stars, although proliferate, untapping, and Energy Chamber help Lux Cannon fire away. Also included is the beloved Phyrexia's Core + Spine of Ish Sah combo.


There's more than color and card types to consider cutting. Have you ever considered building a Commander deck from nothing but commons? Taz has:

As far as Commander decks go, I much prefer having restrictions. There are a lot of cards available in Commander, and it's only sane to limit those to a manageable subset. (Quite frankly, I'm not sure how five-color Commander deck builders handle it!) Another one of my decks only uses cards printed in Modern sets, for example. This deck, however, is composed solely of cards that appear in a search for "common" cards on Gatherer. (So a few of these haven't seen paper print at common, but I consider that a minor technicality for my purposes.)

All-Commons Commander

Main Deck

99 cards

Command Tower
Darksteel Citadel
Evolving Wilds
12  Forest
Opal Palace
Secluded Steppe
Selesnya Guildgate
Selesnya Sanctuary
Terramorphic Expanse
Tranquil Thicket
Urza's Mine
Urza's Power Plant
Urza's Tower

30 lands

Aerie Ouphes
Battlefield Scrounger
Citanul Woodreaders
Dawnglare Invoker
Krosan Drover
Krosan Restorer
Krosan Tusker
Llanowar Empath
Palace Guard
Pygmy Kavu
Sakura-Tribe Elder
Stone-Seeder Hierophant
Sunscape Familiar
Suture Priest
Thornscape Familiar
Tilling Treefolk
Torsten Von Ursus
Ulamog's Crusher
Vigilant Sentry
Wall of Glare
Whitemane Lion
Wildheart Invoker
Wood Elves

23 creatures

Adventuring Gear
Bladed Pinions
Broken Fall
Cage of Hands
Darksteel Ingot
Darksteel Pendant
Dawn's Reflection
Dragon Fangs
Dragon Scales
Dust to Dust
Essence Filter
Expedition Map
Explorer's Scope
Far Wanderings
Frantic Salvage
Judge Unworthy
Leave No Trace
Library of Leng
Lotus Petal
Mind Stone
Mwonvuli Acid-Moss
Night Soil
Pentad Prism
Pristine Talisman
Reap and Sow
Relic Crush
Relic of Progenitus
Rootborn Defenses
Selesnya Signet
Serrated Arrows
Sisay's Ring
Skyshroud Claim
Spring Cleaning
Sprout Swarm
Sprouting Vines
Strider Harness
Tormod's Crypt
Ur-Golem's Eye
Whispersilk Cloak
Wildfield Borderpost
Wrap in Vigor

46 other spells

Sir Shandlar of Eberyn

While playing this deck, the aim is generally to suit up Sir Shandlar with an array of Equipment and Auras and go to town; Dragon Fangs and Dragon Scales in particular have surprising synergy with him! While building the deck, however, I aimed to squeeze as much value as I could out of the cards available to ensure that this plan could be sustainable; this mostly involved more land-ramping and Enchantment-wiping cards than I could reasonably fit in the deck. To say the least, making this deck was an interesting experience.


There are several different flavors of "Pauper Commander" out there, and the one I'm most familiar with is using commons for every card. However you choose to dial down (or up!) the rarer cards in your deck, the insight from looking across new swaths of options is an enlightening experience.

But using a restriction to build decks doesn't have to mean being serious, as @GolgariGlenRoss from Twitter shared:

As far as building around a strange limitation, I think I have a pretty unique deck. I started making a pile of cards that I thought had funny names, like Goblins of the Flarg and Orgg. I said aloud, "I should make these into a deck," and a friend replied, "The commander should be Thraximundar." Seemed obvious once he'd said it. So I had to do it—a deck entirely of cards with silly-sounding names.

Thraximundar, the Unpronounceable

Main Deck

99 cards

Akoum Refuge
Ancient Ziggurat
Bad River
Blood Crypt
Bojuka Bog
Command Tower
Crumbling Necropolis
Drowned Catacomb
Evolving Wilds
Frost Marsh
Grixis Panorama
Halimar Depths
Jwar Isle Refuge
Maze of Ith
Minamo, School at Water's Edge
Rocky Tar Pit
Shinka, the Bloodsoaked Keep
Shizo, Death's Storehouse
Smoldering Spires
Soaring Seacliff
Steam Vents
Strip Mine
Tectonic Edge
Temple of the False God
Terramorphic Expanse
Tresserhorn Sinks
Vivid Creek
Vivid Marsh

38 lands

Dimir Doppelganger
Goblin Flectomancer
Goblins of the Flarg
Hyalopterous Lemure
Kazuul, Tyrant of the Cliffs
Kiku, Night's Flower
Kumano, Master Yamabushi
Mercurial Chemister
Mischievous Quanar
Necrotic Ooze
Niv-Mizzet, the Firemind
Prognostic Sphinx
Quarum Trench Gnomes
Rakdos Ickspitter
Skithiryx, the Blight Dragon
Solemn Simulacrum
Sphinx of Jwar Isle
Tuktuk the Explorer
Tunnel Ignus
Vesuvan Doppelganger

31 creatures

Armillary Sphere
Ashnod's Transmogrant
Cruel Ultimatum
Darksteel Ingot
Dingus Staff
Expedition Map
Gitaxian Probe
Mind Stone
Mistvein Borderpost
Mizzium Transreliquat
Mnemonic Nexus
Noggin Whack
Obelisk of Grixis
Sol Ring
Strionic Resonator
Vexing Arcanix
Zektar Shrine Expedition

30 other spells


Of my eleven Commander decks, this one is by far the most fun to play. I announce every spell and ability out loud to emphasize the silliness of the words. Cards used in combination can trip up my pronunciation. The cards are very unusual so there's a lot of "What does that card do?" and "Can I read that?" at the table.

It doesn't have much deep synergy or strategy, but it has a few silver bullets that answer other decks in my local playgroups and some control and disruption effects. It even has some genuinely powerful cards. Thrax himself is pretty strong, and I find people are always counting my lands anticipating seven mana. Until then, it's Hyalopterous Lemure beatdown!

I took out Jokulhaups, even though it's on-theme, since I kept drawing it and not playing it since it just ruins games. This deck is intended to "play fair." It used to run Toy Boat. A few people have suggested Now I Know My ABC's.

It even wins occasionally; usually because someone got greedy and built a massive battle cruiser to Delirium or Phthisis.


I have a bit of a soft spot for "Sekki, Pronunciation's Guide" that Matt Cavotta used to sprinkle into his flavor-focused column (since I'm awful at pronunciations). An entire Commander deck built around the principle of difficult-to-say cards sounds exactly like the kind of wacky deck I'd enjoy playing, and it's certainly an idea I hadn't considered before.

A Commander idea I haven't been able to try building for myself is using a point system to determine the winner of a game. Instead of the strict and severe requirement of just "be the last player standing," a point system applies restrictions that incentivize achieving things throughout the game.

What I enjoy most about Commander is playing in a points-based league where games last a little while and the focus is on having fun, rather than winning by turn five or powering out a ridiculous infinite combo. My first Commander deck was Heavenly Inferno, since I've been collecting cards to modify my Red-White Angels & Dragons deck since I started playing in late 1994, and Kaalia is a perfect fit for that. The issues with Kaalia: she draws a lot of hate and opponents' first impression is that I'm going for kills right away. I decided to build a deck around Kaalia with the requirement that it has a lot of ways to generate points and a secondary requirement that Kaalia doesn't leave my command zone until I either have my back firmly against the wall or the game is about to end anyway.

We typically play in five-player pods, and as soon as the second player is eliminated the game is over. When the pod has more experienced Commander league players in it, the game can go on for quite a while. This lets me slowly build my mana base, deal with any particularly nasty threats, rack up some points—and once the end looks to be very much nigh—unleash Kaalia and get in some kills to finish the game.

Points come from having ten+ token creatures (Assemble the Legion, Luminarch Ascension, White Sun's Zenith, Ajani, Sorin, Devout Invocation), extra attack steps (Aurelia, Breath of Fire, Godo), controlling a permanent from each other player (Insurrection, Molten Primordial), controlling seven+ creatures of the same type (eighteen dragons, including the Shapeshifter; Dragonstorm), first to destroy/exile a permanent (numerous), destroying five+ permanents with targeted effects, then hopefully getting a player kill at the end.

Points Commander

Main Deck

99 cards

Akoum Refuge
Ancient Amphitheater
Barren Moor
Battlefield Forge
Blood Crypt
Bojuka Bog
Boros Garrison
Boros Guildgate
Clifftop Retreat
Command Tower
Dragonskull Summit
Forgotten Cave
Great Furnace
Isolated Chapel
Molten Slagheap
Nykthos, Shrine to Nyx
Orzhov Basilica
Orzhov Guildgate
Rakdos Carnarium
Rakdos Guildgate
Rupture Spire
Secluded Steppe
Sejiri Steppe
Sunhome, Fortress of the Legion
Temple of Silence
Temple of the False God
Thespian's Stage
Transguild Promenade
Unknown Shores
Vivid Meadow

39 lands

Archangel of Thune
Aurelia, the Warleader
Balefire Dragon
Bladewing the Risen
Bloodgift Demon
Bogardan Hellkite
Flameblast Dragon
Forgestoker Dragon
Gideon's Avenger
Guardian Seraph
Harvester of Souls
Hellkite Igniter
Hellkite Tyrant
Hoard-Smelter Dragon
Indomitable Archangel
Moonveil Dragon
Ob Nixilis, the Fallen
Rakdos, Lord of Riots
Scourge of Kher Ridges
Scourge of Valkas
Shivan Hellkite
Steel Hellkite
Stormbreath Dragon
Taurean Mauler
Thundermaw Hellkite
Utvara Hellkite

26 creatures

Ashes to Ashes
Assemble the Legion
Aurelia's Fury
Bonfire of the Damned
Boros Charm
Breath of Fury
Chromatic Lantern
Debt to the Deathless
Devout Invocation
Everflowing Chalice
Gilded Lotus
Howl from Beyond
Lightning Greaves
Luminarch Ascension
Merciless Eviction
Red Sun's Zenith
Return to Dust
Revoke Existence
Sol Ring
Staff of Nin
Street Spasm
Sun Droplet
Thran Dynamo
True Conviction
Whispersilk Cloak
White Sun's Zenith

30 other spells

Ajani Goldmane
Ajani, Caller of the Pride
Gideon, Champion of Justice
Sorin, Lord of Innistrad

4 planeswalkers

Kaalia of the Vast


Kenneth shared the points system his local game store uses, and if keeping track of a few extra details sounds like a better plan than aggressive defeat of your enemies, give it a try and let me know how it works out for you.

The Road Less Traveled

I hope our foray into successful restrictions for Commander gave you food for deck-building thought. What you and your local group try yourselves isn't restricted to these examples, of course. I look forward to what new creations will come up next.

This week's question is on the opposite end of the scale: What is your most successful Commander deck, and why did it work so well?

  • Feedback via email
  • 300-word limit to explain your point
  • Sample decklist is requested (does not count against word limit)
  • Decklists should be formatted with one card per line with just a leading number, such as "3 Mountain"
  • Name and email required (non-personal information to be used in column)

If tailoring to build decks that defeat opponents is your shtick, or your deck's "requirement" is to be as broken as possible, this should be your time to shine.

Join us next week when we debate the merits of one color or at least two. See you then!

Adam Styborski
Adam Styborski
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Command Tower

Adam "Stybs" Styborski joined in 2009 to take over Serious Fun, before switching over to begin Command Tower in 2013. With his passion for Commander and community inclusion, you'll find plenty of opportunity each week to share your thoughts about everyone's favorite casual format.

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