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The color bridges and race bridges that make Lorwyn deckbuilding as diverse as possible.

Like a Bridge over Tribal Waters

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The letter H!ere's a little Lorwyn question that leads to a bigger one: Why does Kithkin Mourncaller help Elves? Why does Wellgabber Apothecary help Kithkin? In a tribal set like Lorwyn, there are tons of Kithkin who just help Kithkin, and Elves who just help Elves. So isn't it awfully random for Kithkin Mourncaller and Wellgabber Apothecary to affect tribes besides their own? Looking at these as individual cards, it seems incredibly arbitrary. But if you know where to look, you can see that these seemingly random cards are actually the result of a carefully connected network of tribal "bridges" connecting Lorwyn's different colors and tribes. Let me take you behind the scenes to show you how it all fits together.

Diversity Training: Ravnica

RavnicaLet's back up a moment to Ravnica: City of Guilds. Ravnica's big structural theme is having four two-color guilds: White ManaGreen Mana Selesnya, Blue ManaBlack Mana Dimir, Black ManaGreen Mana Golgari, and White ManaRed Mana Boros. We put in enough cards emphasizing those color pairs that when you open ten packs of Ravnica, or play a Ravnica booster draft, you definitely see that these four color pairs are emphasized in Ravnica in a way that the other six color pairs are not. Ravnica's powerful gold cards in those color pairs greatly reward you for playing into the set's theme and playing decks of those colors. And each color pair has several potential strategies available, from Boros's famous beatdown side with Boros Swiftblade and Rally the Righteous to its slower control side with Sunhome Enforcer and Brightflame. Even if you always played exactly-two-color Ravnica decks in Limited and Constructed, always using exactly one of these four two-color combinations, you would still have a lot of deck diversity.

But just "a lot" of deck diversity in limited and constructed isn't good enough for Magic R&D—We want to have "tons and tons" of deck diversity in Limited and in Constructed. That's why we put so many tools into Ravnica to encourage you to also be able to build three-color Limited and Constructed decks, or even four- or five-color decks. There are tons of common mana-fixing Signets and Karoos that help you build three-color decks. We built in tons of synergies between adjacent guilds, so that Selesnya Evangel can crank out tons of 1/1 Saproling tokens for your Golgari Rotwurm to chew up to drain your opponent's life. Clever players even discovered synergies between non-adjacent colors and guilds, with blue-red becoming a popular triple-Ravnica draft archetype among skilled players abusing Galvanic Arc with the underdrafted Drake Familiar. Cards like Ravnica's Helldozer even encouraged you to build mono-black decks, opening a whole new category of constructed deckbuilding.

Why is deck diversity so important to us? Because more deck diversity leads to more fun replayability over time. If there were only four possible draft archetypes in Ravnica, then once you had played each one against each of the others a few times, it might start to get a little stale. But if there are over eighteen draft archetypes in Ravnica, as there certainly were by the time Ravnica-Guildpact-Dissension came out, then every deck-on-deck matchup you play is probably pretty different from every other matchup you've played. Then you get to experience new card interactions you've never seen before, and you get to enjoy that sense of discovery and newness all over again. That deck diversity makes you eager to draft the full block for the twentieth time because you know you'll have tons of different experiences than you have before. And it's important to us to make Limited and Constructed play as fun for the fiftieth match in a format as it is for the first.

Diversity Training: Lorwyn

Much like Ravnica, Lorwyn's structure brings strong rewards for playing particular color combinations: those of Lorwyn's eight tribes. Once you draft the white race-matters Merfolk Harpoon Sniper, there's a definite incentive to start taking blue Merfolk as well. Encouraging people to draft white-blue by drafting lots of Merfolk is something that the designers set out to do, and one the fun parts of Lorwyn's design. But now that we had successfully accomplished that, what could we do reward people for sometimes exploring other paths?

One strategy was supporting Elementals as a five-color tribe. If you get Mulldrifter, Æthersnipe, three Briarhorns, and two Smokebraiders, you're well on your way to a red-green-blue Elemental deck.

Another strategy was adding more changeling creatures, as I described in my column two weeks ago. More changeling creatures mean more blue Elves and green Faeries—perfect for knitting together a blue-green Elf Faerie deck!

Another strategy was sprinkling cards with clash (Fistful of Force), enchantments that care about clash (Rebellion of the Flamekin), and cards that help you win clashes (Ponder) throughout all the colors. If you follow where they lead, you can end up in color combinations having nothing to do with the tribes.

Another strategy was providing enough multi-color enablers to give players the option to go wherever they wanted, including commons Springleaf Drum, Wanderer's Twig, and Shimmering Grotto, and a cycle of uncommon five-color Vivid lands.

And another strategy was seeding in "color bridges" across non-tribal color pairs.

Across the Color Bridge

The Lorwyn tribes encourage their color combinations quite a bit. We knew green-black would be a popular Lorwyn Limited combination because of Elves and Treefolk both sharing the colors. And we knew red-green wouldn't come up as often because no Lorwyn tribe connected them. Green-black decks coming up a lot was cool - it matched the block theme of races moving into two colors. And it made sense that red-green came up less than black-green. We just didn't want red-green to come up never.

Since the races already encouraged their own color combinations, the Lorwyn developers asked each other, "Which color combinations haven't been encouraged yet?" Here's the kind of chart we put up on a whiteboard:

What connects Lorwyn Limited color combinations?

White Mana Blue Mana : Merfolk
White ManaBlack Mana: ?
White ManaRed Mana: Giants
White ManaGreen Mana: Kithkin, (Treefolk)
Blue ManaBlack Mana: Faeries
Blue ManaRed Mana: ?
Blue ManaGreen Mana: ?
Black ManaRed Mana: Goblins
Black ManaGreen Mana: Elves, (Treefolk)
Red ManaGreen Mana: ?

So we looked for opportunities to add a "color bridge" to the color combinations that had no tribe connecting them. They didn't need to be numerous, and they didn't need to be powerful. They just had to give players another reason to think about putting those color combinations together, and a tiny reward for doing so. We didn't want the rewards to be so large that they overshadowed the main tribal combinations. Just a little bonbon. Specifically mentioning "red and green," like having a green card with a red mana activated ability, didn't make sense in Lorwyn. As in many other cases, the language of Lorwyn isn't colors; it's tribes. So we did it using tribe-matters text. Look at the list again with the "color bridges" added in:

White Mana Blue Mana : Merfolk
White ManaBlack Mana: Quill-Slinger Boggart (a black card that works with white Kithkin)
White ManaRed Mana: Giants
White ManaGreen Mana: Kithkin, (Treefolk)
Blue ManaBlack Mana: Faeries
Blue ManaRed Mana: Boggart Sprite-Chaser (a red card that works with blue faeries)
Blue ManaGreen Mana: ?
Black ManaRed Mana: Goblins
Black ManaGreen Mana: Elves, (Treefolk)
Red ManaGreen Mana: Elvish Handservant (a green card that works well with red giants)

Blue-green is the one combination that doesn't have an explicit color bridge connecting it. Interestingly enough, Scryb Ranger is enough of a powerful green faerie "color bridge" in standard that blue-green Faeries is one of the more popular Standard format Faerie builds.

Connor and the Cloudgoat Ranger

As I described in my column Count-Me vs. Threshold Zero, "Count Me" tribal effects like Tar Pitcher inherently encourage you to build your entire deck of a single tribe. Here's an example: Connor drafts 3 Wizened Cenn, 3 Surge of Thoughtweft, and 2 Goldmeadow Stalwart. Now all he cares about is getting more Kithkin, and he doesn't even read the other cards in the pack. He sees Harpoon Sniper and he ignores it, because it's not a Kithkin. That draft sounds exciting, and it's all well and good if that happens every once in a while. But I wouldn't want that kind of turbo-mono-Kithkin draft to happen six times in a row when he drafted Kithkin or drafted white. Because then he wouldn't have nearly as much deckbuilding diversity as if sometimes his Kithkin drafts were monowhite Kithkin, sometimes they were white-blue Kithkin / Merfolk, sometimes they were white-red Kithkin / Giants, sometimes they were white-green Kithkin / Elves, sometimes they were white-black Kithkin / Qull-Slinger Boggart, and sometimes they were white-red-blue Kithkin / Springjack Knight / Sentry Oak / Entangling Trap / Lash Out / Whirlpool Whelm / Æthersnipe. When you have all those different options for your Kithkin drafts, deckbuilding diversity is awesomely increased, which in turn increases fun replayability. Good times.

Once you have these "race bridges" in place, the above draft example might change to something like this: Connor drafts 3 Wizened Cenn, 3 Surge of Thoughtweft, and 2 Goldmeadow Stalwart. Now all he cares about is getting more Kithkin. Then he sees a "race bridge" Cloudgoat Ranger, and he takes it for three reasons: the card is inherently powerful, it makes a lot of Kithkin creature tokens that will pump up his existing Kithkin tribal effects, and all his existing Kithkin might mean he can "double jump" the Cloudgoat Ranger by tapping six Kithkin, making the Giant a 7/3 flier. Now that Connor has the Cloudgoat Ranger, he sees a Giant Harbinger and takes it because it fetches Cloudgoat Ranger. Then he sees Thundercloud Shaman and takes it because it's powerful and he can fetch it with Giant Harbinger. Then he takes Avian Changeling because it's powerful and it combines well with both his Wizened Cenns and his Thundercloud Shaman. In this example, a single "race bridge" card like Cloudgoat Ranger sends Connor's whole draft in a whole new direction than it might have gone if he had opened no race bridges, or had opened a different race bridge or color bridge sending him in a different direction.

Across the Race Bridge

The Lorwyn development team wanted to encourage that deck diversity by encouraging all the different draft combinations I just described, giving people reasons to build decks that go beyond a single tribe. Again, those rewards don't have to be super-powerful, and we wouldn't those reasons to overwhelm the overall themes of "play blue-black Faeries, play black-red Goblins," and so on. It's enough just to have those cross-tribe rewards be present in some way.

The design team had already provided a variety of these "race bridges" when they handed off the set. The development team analyzed the ones that were there and added new ones to fill in many of the gaps. While the color bridges encourage players to bring together offbeat color combinations, the race bridges focus on linking up two tribes that share a color. We probed whether each tribe had cards that connected it to the other tribes that shared its colors. If there was no connection, we talked about adding one. In many cases, adding a new "race bridge" meant something as simple as rewriting Silvergill Douser from "...where X is the number of Merfolk you control" to "...where X is the number of Merfolk and/or Faeries you control." As long as we filled in a lot of the race bridges, we knew we didn't have to force the issue by filling in every single one.

Since all the race bridges reward you for playing a certain race, they all also reward you for playing changelings. Our playtesters were enjoying using changelings to triggers all sorts of tribal effects, so we were happy that increasing race bridges would enable changelings to do even more. Here are the race bridges we use in the final Lorwyn set:

Kithkin – White-Green Tribe


Goblins – Black-Red Tribe


Treefolk – Green Tribe (with splashes of white and black)


Merfolk – White-Blue Tribe


Elementals – Five-Color-Red Tribe


Elves – Green-Black Tribe


Faeries – Blue-Black Tribe


Giants – Red-White Tribe

Color Bridges and the Big Time

Take a gander at this Top 8 Lorwyn draft decklist with which Anatoli Lightfoot won Grand Prix–Brisbane this past October. Lightfoot posted 14 wins, 1 loss and 1 draw over the Grand Prix's 16 rounds of Lorwyn Limited, so it's safe to say he knows his way around a Tarfire. Here's the draft deck with which Lightfoot won the Grand Prix's final Top 8 draft, thereby winning the entire Grand Prix and $3,000:



I've heard people say you can't draft red-green in Lorwyn because there's no tribe connecting them. Personally I disagree, and Lightfoot seems to disagree too. What's the tribal connection that brings his red-green draft deck together? It's his three Elvish Handservants, with six red Giants plus Woodland Changeling, Fire-Belly Changeling, Crush Underfoot, and two Blades of Velis Vel to trigger them with. It's eleven triggers in all, plus whatever Giant or changeling spells his opponent plays. This is a perfect example of an intentionally designed color bridge, Elvish Handservant, doing exactly what it is supposed to: reward players for occasionally building offbeat color combinations by letting them pull off cool, powerful tricks, even at the highest levels of Magic. Thanks to these color bridges and race bridges, as you play more and more triple-Lorwyn drafts, you'll find deck diversity and replayability waiting for you.

Last Week's Poll

What do you think of the policy change in tournament legality dates?
It's a good idea. 3231 56.3%
It sounds reasonable. 1954 34.0%
It's a bad idea. 555 9.7%
Total 5740 100.0%

The policy change in tournament-legality dates makes a lot of sense to me. It was my first "Explain the Wizards Policy Change" article, and I'm glad it seems to make a lot of sense to you as well, with over 90% of voters in the top two boxes.

This Week's Poll

I was delighted to see four copies of my main man Doran, the Siege Tower win the Magic World Championships last weekend! I hope this will give Doran more of the attention he deserves.

 How much do winning tournament decks affect the decks you build?  
I usually play famous decklists
I usually start from famous decklists, then make my own adjustments.
I usually play famous deck types, but I build my decklist from scratch.
I’m more likely to play famous winning cards , but I make up my own deck types.
I don’t play famous decks, but I build my decks specifically to beat the famous ones.
I ignore published decklists.
I go out of my way to avoid playing famous deck types.
None of the above

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